The European Commission has published a study on the impact of the CAP on the development of rural areas regarding socioeconomic aspects.
The study is an evaluation of the Common Agricultural Policy’s (CAP) impact on balanced territorial development of rural areas across EU-28.
The findings show that the issues and needs faced by rural regions are significant. The impact of the CAP in supporting balanced territorial development through the improvement of socioeconomic aspects and social inclusion, varies according to the characteristics of the rural region and the policy mix applied. Pillar I instruments, in particular direct payments, have been found to positively impact regional employment and re-investment. Pillar II measures, some of which are specifically designed to address socio-economic issues, demonstrate also positive effects.
The overall analysis suggests that the CAP supports balanced territorial development, and provides high EU value-added in remote and very marginal rural areas. However, funding is insufficient to resolve the long-term situation of decline in these areas because it largely targets the farm sector, whereas investment in infrastructure and services is also much needed.
This study, along with the responses to the CAP-specific questions of the public consultation on the Long-Term Vision for Rural Areas, will contribute to the evaluation of the impact of the CAP focusing on socioeconomic aspects.
The evaluation will be concluded with the publication of a Commission report, foreseen for autumn 2021.